.RU

Summary



REPUBLIC OF VANUATU



OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN



PUBLIC REPORT



ON



PRISON CONDITIONS
AND
MISMANAGEMENT OF THE
PRISONS BUDGET



16.09.99



8554/9/15

-----------------------------------------

FINAL REPORT ON PRISON CONDITIONS AND MISMANAGEMENT
OF THE PRISONS BUDGET


SUMMARY


Since 1995 and continuing up to now, reports on the conditions of Vanuatu’s prisons and complaints received from prisoners have shown that

our prisons are unsafe and our prison conditions fall far below minimum international standards

. These matters have been harshly reported on by the Public Works Department, ESCAP and Amnesty International.

The condition of Vila Central Prison (Ex French Prison) deteriorated so badly that eventually, in mid-1998, the prisoners were evacuated because of the safety risks. Vanuatu’s other prisons, in Port Vila, Santo and Tanna are also old and in poor condition, with cracks, leaks, poor ventilation, no mosquito protection, unhygienic premises.

The Ombudsman found that the physical condition of the prisons, in particular Central Prison, violated prisoners’ fundamental Constitutional right to 'security of the person', i.e. a safe, healthy environment.



Furthermore, the treatment of prisoners in Vanuatu does not meet minimum international standards, in such areas as:

 Separation of prisoners by category

 Adequacy of food rations

 Cleanliness of facilities

 Sufficient space, bedding, windows

 Medical examination of prisoners

 Punishment of prisoners

 Educational and rehabilitation opportunities

 Exercise and sport

The Ombudsman therefore also found that

the Prisons (Administration) Act and the administrative practices of the Prison Services are defective

.

Although the Prisons (Administration) Act provides for a Prison Visiting Commission to inspect and report on prison conditions and living conditions of prisoners, no former Ministers has established this Commission.

The Ombudsman found this conduct to be contrary to the requirements of the Prisons (Administration) Act.



Adequate steps have not been taken by the responsible Police Commissioners and Ministers, to improve the physical and living conditions of prisoners. The situation has been made worse by the misuse of prison funds.

The Ombudsman found that prison funds have been diverted for general police use

, so that even the limited funds budgeted for prisons have not been used to improve the dire situation.

The inaction on these matters by the responsible Leaders has endangered respect for and integrity of the Government of Vanuatu, violating Art 66(1)(d) of the Leadership Code of the Constitution.



The Ombudsman recommends that:

1. Urgent prioritisation of a new prison building for the country



2. Complete separation of the Prisons budget from the Police budget so that prison funds cannot be diverted to other uses



3. Establishment of an effective Prison Visiting Commission



4. Immediate review of the prisoners’ scale of food rations, with the assistance of a qualified medical officer



  1. Establishment of a Prison Conditions Task Force to review and report on all necessary steps (including legislative amendments, administrative changes, training requirements and requests for technical assistance) to improve conditions for prisoners and ensure compliance with minimum standards on prison conditions and treatment of detained persons



-----------------------------------

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUMMARY 1



1. JURISDICTION 3



2. PURPOSE, SCOPE OF INVESTIGATION AND METHODS USED 3



3. RELEVANT LAWS, REGULATIONS AND RULES 4



4. OUTLINE OF EVENTS 6



5 RESPONSES TO THE PRELIMINARY REPORT 18



6. FINDINGS 22



7. RECOMMENDATIONS 24



8. CONCLUSION 26



9. INDEX OF APPENDICES 26



---------------------------------
2010-07-19 18:44 Читать похожую статью
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • © Помощь студентам
    Образовательные документы для студентов.